Eye Diseases We Diagnose & Treat
Age-Related Macular Degeneration
More than 7 million people are at risk of vision loss from age-related macular degeneration (AMD). It doesn’t impact peripheral vision, so it’s rare for AMD to cause total blindness. But, it’s the leading cause of severe vision loss in adults over the age of 50.
AMD occurs when the macula breaks down slowly over time. The macula is a small area in the center of the retina. It contains a concentration of cells that detect light, which send signals to the brain.
There are 2 main types of age-related macular degeneration: wet AMD and dry AMD.
Wet AMD is more likely to cause sudden vision changes and should be treated as a serious, vision-threatening issue.
Some early signs of AMD include:
- Loss of color vision
- Straight lines that appear wavy
- Dark, blurry areas in the central vision
Some factors that put you at a greater risk of developing AMD include:
- Family history of AMD
- Cardiovascular disease
Conjunctivitis (Pink Eye)
Some common symptoms of pink eye include:
- Crusty discharge, especially after sleep
- Blurry vision
- Redness in the white of the eye
- Itchy eyes
- Light sensitivity
While mild cases are usually harmless, if left untreated, pink eye can lead to corneal scarring. If you suspect you have pink eye, you should visit your eye care provider at Los Angeles EyeCare Optometry Group for an examination and treatment.
Glaucoma is a group of eye diseases that progressively damage the optic nerve. It often develops with no symptoms in the early stages. It’s often called “the silent thief of sight” because it can cause severe damage before you’re even aware you have it.
Several factors can put you at increased risk for glaucoma. These include:
- Thinner than normal corneas
- Over the age of 40
- Family history of glaucoma
- High blood pressure
- Taking certain medications, like those for bladder control or seizures
A cataract is the clouding of the eye’s normally clear lens. The proteins in the eye’s lens start to break down and clump together with age. This creates an opaque area called a cataract, which can grow over time and impact your vision.
There are several things to watch out for that may indicate cataracts, including:
- Halos around lights
- Blurry, cloudy, or dim vision
- Frequent changes in corrective lens prescriptions
- Increased difficulty seeing at night
In their early stages, cataracts can be corrected with eyeglasses or contact lenses. When cataracts continue to develop, the only treatment is surgery. If your optometrist decides you need surgery, don’t worry. Cataract removal surgery is very safe and effective. We’ll be there for you every step of the way to set your mind at ease and answer all of your questions.